- Verbal Quiz - Paragraph comparison

1 / 5

1. Text 1:
The traditional view of the American Dream holds that anyone, regardless of their background, can achieve success through hard work and determination. This idea has been a central part of American culture for generations, inspiring people to pursue their goals and strive for a better life.

Text 2:
In her 2019 book, sociologist Jennifer Silva argues that the traditional American Dream is no longer attainable for many people. She points to the decline of stable, well-paying jobs and the rise of precarious employment as evidence that the economic landscape has changed. Silva maintains that instead of working towards a stable future, many young people today are focused on finding meaning and purpose in their lives.

Based on the texts, how would Silva (Text 2) most likely respond to the traditional view of the American Dream presented in Text 1?

2 / 5

2. (Text1)Throughout history, technological advancements have shaped human societies in significant ways. Inventions like the printing press and the steam engine have played a key role in transforming communication, transportation, and the economies of their respective eras. Today, technology continues to change at a rapid pace, providing countless new opportunities for human progress, as well as creating substantial challenges and risks for societies to navigate and address.
(Text2)The course of human history has been profoundly influenced by the development of groundbreaking technologies like the printing press and the steam engine, which revolutionized communication, travel, and economic systems. Modern technological development is progressing at an unprecedented speed, presenting a myriad of possibilities for improving human life and propelling societies forward. However, this rapid progress also brings with it significant challenges and potential threats that must be managed with care.
Based on the texts, what does the author of Text 2 likely think about the impact of technological advancements on societies as presented in Text 1?

3 / 5

3. Text 1:
The conventional view of intelligence holds that it is a fixed trait, determined largely by genetics. This idea has been widely accepted in psychology for decades, and has influenced the way that intelligence is measured and understood.

Text 2:
In his 2008 book, psychologist Carol Dweck argues that intelligence is not a fixed trait, but rather a malleable quality that can be developed through effort and learning. Dweck maintains that people who believe that intelligence can be developed (a "growth mindset") are more likely to persist in the face of challenges and ultimately achieve greater success than those who believe that intelligence is fixed (a "fixed mindset").

Based on the texts, how would Dweck (Text 2) most likely respond to the conventional view of intelligence presented in Text 1?

4 / 5

4. Text 1:
The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare has the potential to revolutionize the industry. One promising application is in the field of medical imaging, where AI algorithms can quickly and accurately analyze images to detect diseases such as cancer. A recent study found that an AI algorithm was able to detect breast cancer with 90% accuracy, outperforming human radiologists in some cases.

Text 2:
While the use of AI in medical imaging is promising, there are still many challenges to overcome before it can be widely adopted. One major concern is the lack of diversity in the data used to train AI algorithms. A recent study found that most medical imaging datasets are dominated by images of white patients, which can lead to biased and inaccurate results for patients of other races and ethnicities.

Based on the texts, what would the author of Text 2 most likely say about Text 1’s characterization of the potential of AI in medical imaging?

5 / 5

5. Text 1:
The use of renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar power, is becoming increasingly important as the world looks for ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change. One major challenge to widespread adoption of renewable energy is the intermittency of these sources, as they are dependent on weather conditions. However, recent advances in energy storage technology, such as batteries and pumped hydro storage, are making it possible to store excess energy generated during periods of high production and release it during periods of low production.

Text 2:
While energy storage technology is an important component of a renewable energy system, it is not a panacea. A recent study found that the cost of energy storage is still prohibitively high for many applications, and that the environmental impact of battery production and disposal is a significant concern. Furthermore, the intermittency of renewable energy sources can still cause problems for grid stability and reliability, even with energy storage.

Based on the texts, which statement best reflects the author of Text 2's view on the author of Text 1's characterization of energy storage technology as a solution to the intermittency problem of renewable energy?

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