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Verbal Quiz - Paragraph comparison

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1. Text 1
The concept of plate tectonics, which explains the movement of Earth's lithosphere, was first proposed by Alfred Wegener in 1912. However, many geologists at the time were skeptical of Wegener's theory due to a lack of evidence for the mechanism behind continental drift. Modern geologist Susan Hough has argued that Wegener's theory was ahead of its time and that the technology needed to prove it didn't exist until decades later.

Text 2
While Wegener's theory of continental drift was initially met with skepticism because Wegener was not part of the inside circle in the field of geology and his ideas were not taken seriously by established geologists. Wegener was a meteorologist by training and did not have the same level of expertise in geology as his critics. However, his theory was eventually accepted by the scientific community as more evidence emerged.

Based on the texts, how would the author of Text 2 most likely respond to the claim about the lack of evidence and technology made by Hough in Text 1?

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2. Text 1

The ancient Egyptian writing system, known as hieroglyphics, was deciphered in the 19th century by Jean-François Champollion. However, there is still debate among scholars about the exact meaning of certain symbols and their usage in different contexts. Egyptologist Mark Lehner proposed in 2010 that some hieroglyphs may have represented multiple sounds or concepts, rather than just one.

Text 2

Recent research on Egyptian hieroglyphics suggests that many symbols could function as logograms (representing whole words), phonograms (representing sounds), or determinatives (indicating the category of a word) depending on their context within a text. For instance, the symbol for "bread" could also be used to represent the sound "t" in certain words. Thus, reading hieroglyphics required an understanding of how symbols could shift in meaning based on their usage.

Based on the texts, how would the author of Text 2 most likely respond to Text 1?

3 / 5

3. Text 1:

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the workplace is a threat to job security. As AI becomes more advanced, it will be able to perform tasks that were previously done by humans, leading to widespread job losses.

Text 2:

While it is true that AI will change the nature of work, it is not necessarily a threat to job security. In fact, AI has the potential to create new jobs and even entire industries. For example, the development and maintenance of AI systems will require a new generation of skilled workers. Additionally, AI can be used to automate repetitive tasks, freeing up human workers to focus on more complex and creative tasks.

Based on the texts, how would the author of Text 2 most likely respond to the claims of the author of Text 1?

4 / 5

4. Text 1:
Research in the field of education has shown that students who are intrinsically motivated, meaning they are driven by an internal desire to learn, tend to perform better academically than students who are extrinsically motivated, meaning they are driven by external rewards such as grades or praise.

Text 2:
A recent study by Sarah Johnson and colleagues found that when students were given the opportunity to choose their own learning activities, they showed greater intrinsic motivation and performed better on subsequent assessments than students who were assigned learning activities by their teacher.

Based on the texts, how would the author of Text 2 most likely respond to Text 1?

5 / 5

5. Passage 1:

The practice of animal agriculture is frequently scrutinized due to several ethical and ecological challenges it poses, including the contribution to deforestation, elevated greenhouse gas emissions, and concerns surrounding animal rights. Consequently, a growing trend toward a plant-based regime has emerged as a commendable substitute for consuming animal-derived nourishment, which proponents associate with enhanced personal health and reduced ecological footprints. Nevertheless, detractors caution against possible nutritional insufficiencies, particularly concerning essential nutrients like protein, iron, and various vitamins.

Passage 2:

As the global populace becomes increasingly cognizant of animal husbandry's detrimental impact on the environment and ethics, a shift toward plant-centric diets is gaining traction as a means to contend with these issues. Despite recognition that plant-based regimens can fulfill nutritional needs when meticulously architected, it remains paramount to meticulously source diverse nutritional elements, focusing on protein and iron, and to evaluate the ecological ramifications of agricultural practices. By balancing variety and sustainability in food sources, individuals may experience the rewards of a plant-oriented diet while safeguarding both their wellness and the planet's resources.

Based on the texts, how would the author of Text 2 most likely respond to  Text 1?

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